List of islands in Indonesia


This is a list of islands of Indonesia. Indonesia comprises more than 17,000 islands according to estimates made by the Government of Indonesia, with 922 of those permanently inhabited. The country extends from adjacent the Malay Peninsula in its west and into Melanesia in its east.

According to a 2002 survey by National Institute of Aeronautics and Space (LAPAN), Indonesia has 18,306 islands. According to the CIA factbook there are 17,508 islands.Counting tidal islands (periodically submerged) could be up to double the island figure (no precise figures); many islands have no name or share names, all of which makes tabulation very confusing even to the government of Indonesia. Exact figures should be considered merely “improved estimates” until a definitive study can be conducted.

Management of the islands sometimes includes a regency which covers a small island chain.

On September 21, 2007, an 8.4 earthquake struck Sumatra near South Pagai Island, producing a cluster of six small new islands, and enlarging others by uplift. A large portion of Indonesia is seismically active; the number, size, submergence and emergence and shape of islands continues to evolve.

MAIN ISLAND

• Greater Sunda Islands

· Borneo — divided between Indonesian Kalimantan, Brunei, and Malaysia’s states of Sabah and Sarawak

· Java (formerly Jawa Dwipa)

· Sumatra (formerly Swarna Dwipa)

· Sulawesi (formerly Celebes)

• New Guinea — divided between Indonesian provinces of Papua and West Papua and the independent nation of Papua New Guinea

OTHER ISLAND

1. Java

a. Province of Banten

• Sangiang

b. Province of DKI Jakarta

• Kepulauan Seribu

c. Province of West Java

• Tangkuban Parahu

• Pangandaran

• Pelabuhan Ratu

d. Province of Central Java

• Karimun Jawa

• Nusa Kambangan – prison island

e. Province of East Java

• Bawean archipelago (kepulauan Bawean)

• Kangean Islands archipelago (kepulauan Kangean)

• Madura

• Raas

• Raja

2. Sumatra

a. Province of Aceh, 119 islands

• Banyak archipelago (kepulauan Banyak), 99 islands

· Balai

· Tuangku

• Lasia

• Weh Island

• Simeulue Island

b. Province of North Sumatra, 419 islands

• Nias archipelago (Kepulauan Nias)

• Hinako archipelago (Kepulauan Hinako)

• Batu archipelago (formerly Batoe Eilanden), 51 islands

• Berhala island on the Strait of Malacca

• Jake

• Makole

• Masa

• Samosir island on Lake Toba

c. Province of West Sumatra

• Mentawai Islands

· Siberut

· Sipura (Pulau Sipora)

· North Pagai

· South Pagai

• Pasumpahan

d. Province of Lampung

• Child of Krakatoa (Pulau Anak Krakatau)

• Province of Riau

• Rupat

• Bengkalis

• Padang

• Rangsang

• Tebing Tinggi Island

• Basu

e. Province of Riau Islands, about 3,200 islands

• Natuna archipelago (Kepulauan Natuna)

· South Natuna archipelago

· Anambas archipelago

· Natuna Besar archipelago

· Tambelan archipelago

• Badas Islands archipelago

• Riau Archipelago

· Batam

· Bunguran

· Bintan

· Bulan

· Galang

· Karimun

· Kundur

· Rempang

• Lingga Islands

· Lingga with nearby islands:

· Singkep with nearby islands:

f. Province of Bangka-Belitung Islands

• Bangka Island

• Belitung

3. Kalimantan

a. Province of East Kalimantan

• Derawan Islands

· Kakaban

· Bunaka[citation needed]

• Balabalagan Islands

• Bunyu

• Sebatik

• Tarakan Island

b. Province of South Kalimantan

• Laut Kecil Islands

• Laut Island

• Sebuku

c. Province of Central Kalimantan

d. Province of West Kalimantan

• Karimata Islands

• Bawal

• Galam

• Maya Karimata also just “Maya”

4. Sulawesi

a. Province of North Sulawesi

• Talaud Islands

· Karakelong

• Sangihe Islands

· Sangir Besar, aka Sangir Island

· Siau Island

• Karakaralong Islands

b. Province of Central Sulawesi

• Togian Islands

· Togian

• Banggai Islands

· Peleng

· Banggai

· Bowokan Islands (aka Treko)

c. Province of South Sulawesi

• Pabbiring Islands

• Sabalana Islands

• Tengah Islands

• Selayar Islands

· Selayar Island

• Takabonerate Islands

d. Province of Southeast Sulawesi

• Tukangbesi Islands

· Wakatobi

• Wangiwangi Island,

• Wowoni

• Buton

• Muna

• Kabaena

5. Lesser Sunda Islands

a. Province of Bali

• Bali

• Nusa Penida

• Nusa Lembongan

b. Province of West Nusa Tenggara

• Lombok

• Sumbawa

• Sangeang

• Moyo Island

c. Province of East Nusa Tenggara

• Alor Archipelago (kepulauan Alor), 14 islands + 1 (E.Timor)

· Alor

· Kepa

· Pantar

• Flores

• Komodo

• Palu’e aka Palu

• Rincapulau

• Rote Island

• Savu (Savu Islands)

• Solor Archipelago

· Adonara

· Lembata (Lomblen)

· Solor

• Sumba

• Timor—divided between Indonesian West Timor and the independent nation of East Timor

6. Maluku

a. Province of Maluku

• Buru

• Seram

· Ambon (Amboyna)

· Saparua

• Gorong archipelago

• Watubela archipelago

• Banda

• Tayandu Islands (also Tayahad)

• Kai

• Aru archipelago

· Enu

· Kobroor

· Maikoor

· Trangan

· Wokam

• Tanimbar Islands archipelago

· Selaru

· Yamdena

• Babar Island archipelago

• Barat Daya Islands

· Damar

· Romang

· Wetar

• Leti Islands archipelago

Small volcanic islands in the Banda Sea

b. The province of North Maluku

• Halmahera, with nearby islands:

· Machian (Pulau Makian)

· Morotai

· Ternate

· Tidore

• Bacan

• Morotai

• Widi archipelago

• Obi Islands

• Sula islands

7. New Guinea

Islands on the west of the main New Guinea island

a. Province of West Papua 610 islands, 35 inhabited

b. North of New Guinea Island:

• Asia Islands

• Ayu Islands

• Raja Ampat

· Batanta

· Fam Islands

· Boo Islands

· Misool

· Waigeo

• Gam

• Kawe

• Karas

• Semai

c. Province of Papua

• Biak Islands

· Biak

· Numfor

· Yapen

· Mios Num

· Supiori

• Komoran

• Yos Sudarso

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